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African Migration, Global Inequalities, and Human Rights:
Connecting the Dots

William Minter

Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Uppsala, 2011

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Note: The majority of these sources are available on-line and can be located through a web search. * indicates full text available free online as of 2010.

* Access to Success, 2010, Africa-Europe Higher Education Cooperation for Development. White Paper. Brussels: European University Association.

* Adepoju, Aderanti, 2008, Migration in Sub-Saharan Africa. Uppsala: Nordic Africa Institute.

* African Union, 2005, Draft Strategic Framework for a Policy on Migration in Africa. Addis Ababa: African Union.

Agunias, Dovelyn Ranneig, ed, 2009, Closing the Distance: How Governments Strengthen Ties with Their Diasporas. Washington: Migration Policy Institute.

* Amnesty International, 2007, China: Internal Migrants: Discrimination and abuse. The human cost of an economic 'miracle.' London: Amnesty International.

* Amnesty International, 2010, From Life without Peace to Peace without Life: The Treatment of Somali Refugees and Asylum-Seekers in Kenya. London: Amnesty International.

* Anarfi, John, and Stephen Kwankye, 2003, Migration from and to Ghana: A Background Paper. Sussex: Development Research Centre on Migration, Globalisation & Poverty.

* Assal, Munzoul A. M., 2011, Nationality and Citizenship Questions in Sudan after the Southern Sudan Referendum Vote. Bergen, Norway: Chr. Michelsen Institute.

* Bakewell, Oliver, and Hein de Haas, 2007, "African Migrations: continuities, discontinuities and recent transformations," in African Alternatives, ed. Patrick Chabal, Ulf Engel, and Leo de Haan, 95-118. Leiden: Brill.

* Bakewell, Oliver, 2008, "'Keeping Them in Their Place': the ambivalent relationship between development and migration in Africa," Third World (Quarterly, 29:7, 1341-1358.

* Bakewell, Oliver, 2009, South-South Migration and Human Development: Reflections on African Experiences. Human Development Research Paper 2009/7. New York: UNDP.

* Barbour, Brian, and Brian Gorlick, 2008, Embracing the 'Responsibility to Protect': A Repertoire of Measures incuding Asylum for Potential Victims. Geneva: UNCHR.

Batalha, Luís, and Jørgen Carling, 2008, Transnational Archipelago: Perspectives on Cape Verdean Migration and Diaspora. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press.

* Batalova, Jeanne, ed., 2008, Immigration: Data Matters. Washington: Migration Policy Institute and Population Reference Bureau.

Cabrera, Luis, 2010, The Practice of Global Citizenship. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Castles, Stephen, and Mark J. Miller, 2009, The Age of Migration: International Population Movements in the Modern World (4th ed.). New York: Guilford Press. 83

Ceobanu, Alin M., and Xavier Excandell, 2010, "Comparative Analyses of Public Attitudes Toward Immigrants and Immigration Using Multinational Survey Data: A Review of Theories and Research," 309—328 in Annual Review of Sociology. Palo Alto, CA: Annual Reviews.

* Chan, Kam Wing and Will Buckingham, 2008, "Is China Abolishing the Hukou System?," in China Quarterly. London: China Quarterly.

* Clemens, Michael and Lant Pritchett, 2008, Income per Natural: Measuring Development as if People Mattered More Than Places. Washington: Center for Global Development.

* Cohen, Roberta, 2010, Reconciling Responsibility to Protect with IDP Protection. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution.

Cohen, Roberta, and Francis M. Deng, 1998, Masses in Flight: The Global Crisis of Internal Displacement. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Press.

* Collett, Elizabeth, 2010, The European Union's Stockholm Program: Less Ambition on Immigration and Asylum, But More Detailed Plans. Washington, DC: Migration Information Source.

* Conchiglia, Augusta, 2007, "La Cote d'lvoire tente la reconciliation nationale: Role central de l'immigration," 16—17 in Le Monde Diplomatique, December. Paris: Le Monde Diplomatique.

* Crush, Jonathan, 2008, The Perfect Storm: The Realities of Xenophobia in Contemporary South Africa (Migration Policy Series No. 50). Cape Town, South Africa and Kingston, Canada: Southern African Migration Project.

Crush, Jonathan, Alan Jeeves, and David Yudelman, 1991, South Africa's Labor Empire: A History of Black Migrancy to the Gold Mines. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.

* Crush, Jonathan, Vincent Williams, and Sally Peberdy, 2005, Migration in Southern Africa: A paper prepared for the Policy Analysis and Research Programme of the Global Commission on International Migration. Geneva: GCIM.

* Crush, Jonathan, and Sujata Ramachandran, 2009, Xenophobia, International Migration and Human Development. Human Development Research Paper 2009/47. New York: UNDP

* de Haas, Hein, 2006a, Engaging Diasporas: How governments and development agencies can support diaspora involvement in the develoopment of origin countries. The Hague: Oxfam Novib.

* de Haas, Hein, 2006b, Trans-Saharan Migration to North Africa and the EU: Historical Roots and Current Trends. Washington: Migration Information Source.

* de Haas, Hein, 2007, "North African migration systems: evolution, transformations and development linkages," in Castles, S. and Delgado Wise, R. (eds.), Migration and Development: Perspectives from the South. Geneva: International Organization for Migration

* de Haas, Hein, 2008a, "The Myth of Invasion: The inconvenioent realities of African migration to Europe," Third World Quarterly 29(7): 1305—1322.


* de Haas, Hein, 2008b, Irregular Migration from West Africa to the Maghreb and the European Union: A Review of Recent Trends. Geneva: International Organization for Migration.

* de Haas, Hein, 2009, Mobility and Human Development. Human Development Research Report 2009/1. New York: UNDP.

* December 18, 2010, Ratification of the UN Migrant Workers Convention in the European Union: Survey on the Positions of Governments and Civil Society Actors. Bruseels: December 18.

* Development Research Centre (DRC) on Migration, Globalisation & Poverty, 2009, Making Migration Work for Development. Sussex: University of Sussex.

* DeWind, Josh, and Jennifer Holdaway, 2008, Migration and Development Within and Across Borders: Research and Policy Perspectives on Internal and International Migration. Geneva: International Organization for Migration and New York: Social Science Research Counci.

* Docquier, Frédéric, 2007, "Brain Drain and Inequality among Nations," Paper prepared for the EUDN-AFS conference on Migration and Development. Paris.

* Docquier, Frédéric, and Abdeslam Marfouk, 2006, "International Migration by Education Attainment, 1990-2000," 227-244 in Caglar Ozden and Maurice Schiff, eds., International Migration, Remittances, and the Brain Drain. Washington, DC: World Bank.

* Esipova, Nell, Antia Pugliese, Rajesh Srinivasan, and Julie Ray, 2010, "Developed Nations Attract Young vs. Educated Migrants," November 9. Washington, DC: Gallup.

* Eunomad, 2010, Migrations and Development: European Guide to Practices. Brussels: Eunomad.

* European Race Audit, 2010a, Direct Democracy, Racism, and the Extreme Right. London: Institute of Race Relations.

* European Race Audit, 2010b, Accelerated Removals: A Study of the Human Cost of EU Deportation Policies, 2009—2010. London: Institute of Race Relations.

* GCIM (Global Commission on International Migration), 2005, Migration in an Interconnected World: New Directions for Action. Geneva: GCIM.

* Gemenne, Francois, 2011, "Climate-induced population displacements in a 4o C+ World," in Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, A, 182—195. London: Royal Society Publishing.

* Global Financial Integrity, 2010, Illicit Financial Flows from Africa: Hidden Resource for Development. Washington, DC: Global Financial Integrity.

* Global Migration Group, 2008, International Migration and Human Rights. Geneva: Global Migration Group.

* Grant, Stefanie, 2005, International Migration and Human Rights. Geneva: Global Commission on International Migration.


Hassim, Shireen, Tawana Kupe, and Eric Worby (eds.), 2008, Go Home or Die Here: Violence, Xenophobia and the Reinvention of Difference in South Africa. Johannesburg: Wits University Press.

* Hlatshwayo, Mondli, 2009, COSATU's Responses to Xenophobia. Johannesburg: Strategy and Tactics.

* Hockenos, Paul, 2011 "Europe's Rising Islamophobia," The Nation, May 9, 2011.

* Human Rights Watch, 2009, From Horror to Hopelessness: Kenya's Forgotten Somali Refugee Crisis. New York: Human Rights Watch.

* HSRC (Human Sciences Research Council), 2008, Citizenship, Violence and Xenophobia in South Africa: Perceptions from South African communities. Pretoria: HSRC.

* Ionescu, Dina, 2006, Engaging Diasporas as Development Partners for Home and Destination Countries: Challenges for Policymakers. Geneva: International Organization for Migration.

* Khadria, Binod, 2010, The Future of Health Worker Migration: Background Paper WMR 2010. Geneva: International Organization for Migration.

* Kleemans, Marieke, and Jeni Klugman, 2009, Understanding Attitudes Towards Migrants: A Broader Perspective. Human Development Research Report 2009/53. New York: UNDP.

Korzeniewicz, Roberto, and Timothy Moran, 2009, Unveiling Inequality: A World-Historical Perspective. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.

Koser, Khalid, 2007, International Migration: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

* Landau, Loren B., and Aurelia Wa Kabwe Segatti, 2009, Human Development Impacts of Migration: South Africa Case Study. Human Development Research Report 2009/05. New York: UNDP

* Leibbrandt, Murray, et al., 2010, Trends in South African Income Distribution and Poverty since the Fall of Apartheid. Cape Town: SALDRU and Paris: OECD.

Manby, Bronwen, 2009, Struggles for Citizenship in Africa. London: Zed Books.

* Manby, Bronwen, 2011, International Law and the Right to Nationality in Sudan. London: Open Society Foundations.

* Marfouk, Abdeslam, 2007, African Brain Drain: Scope and Determinants. Accra: Association of African Universities.

* Martens, Jens, 2010, Thinking Ahead: Development Models and Indicators of Well-being Beyond the MDGs. Berlin: Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung.

* Melonio, Thomas, 2008, Migration Balances: Concept, Hypotheses and Discussion. Paris: Agence Francaise de Developpement.

* Mensah, Kwadwo, Maureen Mackintosh, and Leroi Henry, 2005, The 'Skills Drain of Health Professionals from the Developing World. London: Medact.

* Migrants' Rights Network, 2010, Migrant Capital: A Perspective on Contemporary Migration in London. London: Migrants' Rights Network.


* Migration Information Source, 2005, Migrants' Human Rights: From the Margins to the Mainstream. Washington, DC: Migration Policy Institute.

Milanovic, Branko, 2007, Worlds Apart: Measuring International and Global Inequality. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

* Milanovic, Branko, 2009a, Global Inequality and the Global Inequality Extraction Ratio: The Story of the Past Two Centuries. Washington, DC: World Bank. * Milanovic, Branko, 2009b, Global Inequality of Opportunity: How Much of Our Income is Determined at Birth? Washington, DC: World Bank.

Milanovic, Branko, 2011, The Haves and the Have-Nots. New York: Basic Books.

* National Network for Immigrant and Refugee Rights, 2010, Injustice for All: The Rise of the U.S. Immigration Policing Regime. Oakland, CA: National Network for Immigrant and Refugee Rights.

* Neocosmos, Michael, 2010, From "Foreign Natives" to "Native Foreigners". Explaining Xenophobia in Post-apartheid South Africa. 2nd ed. Dakar: Codesria, 2010.

* Ortega, Daniel E., 2009, Human Development of Peoples. Human Development Research Paper 2009/49. New York: UNDP

* Ozden, ((aglar and Maurice Schiff (eds.), 2006, International Migration, Remittances, and the Brain Drain. Washington, DC: World Bank.

* Pastore, Ferruccio, 2007, Europe, Migration and Development: Critical remarks on an emerging policy field. Rome: Centro Studi di Politica Internazionale.

Peberdy, Sally, 2009, Selecting Immigrants: National Identity and South Africa's Immigration Policies, 1910—2008. Johannesburg: Wits University Press.

* Pecoud, Antoine, and P. F. A. de Guchteneire, 2005, Migration without Borders: An Investigation into the Free Movement of People. Geneva: UNESCO.

Pecoud, Antoine, and P. F. A. de Guchteneire (eds.), 2007, Migration without Borders: Essays on the Free Movement of People. Oxford, UK: Berghahn Books.

* Physicians for Human Rights, 2004, An Action Plan to Prevent Brain Drain: Building Equitable Health Systems in Africa. Boston: Physicians for Human Rights.

* Polzer, Tara, 2010a, Population Movements in and to South Africa. Johannesburg: Forced Migration Studies Program.

* Polzer, Tara, 2010b, 'Xenophobia': Violence against Foreign Nations and other 'Outsiders' in Contemporary South Africa. Johannesburg: Forced Migration Studies Programme.

* Pritchett, Lant, 2006, Let Their People Come: Breaking the Gridlock on Global Labor Mobility. Washington, DC: Center for Global Development.

* Quartey, Peter, 2009, Migration in Ghana: A Country Profile 2009. Geneva: International Organization for Migration.

Raissiguier, Catherine, 2010, Reinventing the Republic: Gender, Migration, and Citizenship in France. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.

* Ratha, Dilip, et al., 2011, Leveraging Migration for Africa: Remittances, Skills, and Investments. Washington: World Bank.


Sassen, Saskia, 2006, Territory, Authority, Rights: From Medieval to Global Assemblages. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Shachar, Ayelet, 2009, The Birthright Lottery: Citizenship and Global Inequality. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

* Stiglitz, Joseph E., Sen, Amartya, and Fitoussie, Jean-Paul, 2009, Report by the Commission on the Measurement of Economic Performance and Social Progress. Paris: Commission on the Measurement of Economic Performance and Social Progress.

* Strategy and Tactics, 2010, South African Civil Society and Xenophobia. Johannesburg: Strategy and Tactics.

* Terrazas, Aaron, 2010, African Immigrants in the United States. Washington, DC: Migration Information Source.

* Transatlantic Trends, 2010, Transatlantic Trends: Immigration. Washington, DC: Transatlantic Trends.

* UNDP (United Nations Development Program), 2009, Human Development Report 2009. Overcoming Barriers: Human Mobility and Development. New York: UNDP.

* UN (United Nations), 2003, International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families. Geneva: United Nations.

* UN (United Nations), 2005, The International Conventon on Migrant Workers and its Committee: Fact Sheet No. 24 (Rev.1). New York and Geneva: United Nations.

* UN (United Nations), 2010, Human Rights of Migrants (A/65/222). New York and Geneva: United Nations.

* UNHCR (United Nations High Commission for Refugees), 2008, Note on International Protection: Report by the High Commissioner (A/AC 96/1053). Geneva: UNHCR.

* U.S. Committee for Refugees and Immigrants, 2004, "Warehousing Refugees: A Denial of Rights, A Waste of Humanity," in World Refugee Survey 2004. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Committee for Refugees and Immigrants.

Wilkinson, Richard, and Kate Pickett, 2009, The Spirit Level: Why Greater Equality Makes Societies Stronger. New York: Bloomsbury Press.

Wilson, Francis, and Mamphela Ramphele, 1989, Uprooting Poverty: The South African Challenge. New York: W. W. Norton.

World Bank, 2005, Global Economic Prospects 2006: Economic Implications of Remittances and Migration. Washington, DC: World Bank.

World Bank, 2010a, Outlook for Remittances Flows 2011—2012. Washington, DC: World Bank.

World Bank, 2010b, Migration and Remittances Factbook 2011. Washington, DC: World Bank.