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Note: This document is from the archive of the Africa Policy E-Journal, published
by the Africa Policy Information Center (APIC) from 1995 to 2001 and by Africa Action
from 2001 to 2003. APIC was merged into Africa Action in 2001. Please note that many outdated links in this archived
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Sudan: International Campaign for Peace in Sudan
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Sudan: International Campaign for Peace in Sudan
Date Distributed (ymd): 950608
European Working Group on the Horn of Africa
Horn of Africa Policy Group - Canada
Coalition for Peace in the Horn of Africa - USA
After consultation with faith, business, labor, women's, and
political groups of Sudanese both within and outside Sudan...
THE UNDERSIGNED ORGANIZATIONS CALL FOR THE FOLLOWING:
1. Endorsement of the IGADD Declaration of Principles.
We call on governments, human rights organizations,
non-government organizations, faith groups and other
independent agencies around the world to follow the lead of
the Heads of State of Kenya, Eritrea, Ethiopia and Uganda in
affirming the Declaration of Principles as the basis for a
negotiated settlement of the Sudan conflict. We call on
the Government of Sudan to accept the Declaration of
Principles, which most of the major political groups in
Sudan have done, as a starting point for serious negotiations.
2. Support of Multi-Track Peace Diplomacy at the
National, Factional and Community levels.
We call for a fresh coordinated effort to encourage
peacemakers both within and outside Sudan to simultaneously
work in formal and informal ways to bring peace at all
levels of society. Participants should be drawn from
governments, non-governmental organizations, faith groups
and indigenous communities.
The war in Sudan is not only a "Southern Problem," but
a national problem with major implications for regional
security . The IGADD initiative, whose members are now
having to address regional security issues, must be
the arena for national mediation between the
Government of Sudan, the SPLM, the SSIM and other
Sudanese groups who may be added to the process
representing significant population groupings. Friends
of IGADD and friends of Sudan, whether governmental
or non-governmental, must continue to be enlisted to
lend support to the IGADD initiated regional peace
process. Efforts to undermine an African led regional
process must be resisted by all as a sabotaging of the
peace process. We call for the appointment of a Special
Representative of the Secretary General (SRSG) to
support the IGADD process and to follow its lead in
working for peace in Sudan and for regional security.
We also call for an immediate unconditional cease-fire
to be declared by all parties. The Government of
Sudan, its militia and Popular Defense Forces, the
SPLM/A, SSIM/A, and all commanders must observe the
Geneva Conventions and expect to be held accountable by
international bodies for their actions.
The SPLM/A and SSIM/A must fully implement their
declared cease-fire, pursue a mutually agreeable
mediation process and negotiate ways to live
side-by-side in a manner that respects the human rights
and needs of civilian populations and indigenous
cultures. Where conflicts cross the lines of factional
authority, we call on the factional leaders and local
commanders to fully embrace and participate in
community level indigenous peace processes involving
elected southern politicians, faith groups, women's
organizations and other civic groups.
Indigenous peace efforts among Sudanese neighboring
peoples offer the greatest hope for peace at a
community level and help create an atmosphere and
momentum for peace that can have significant effects on
both inter-factional and national efforts. When
indigenous peoples, acting through their chiefs,
elected representatives, faith groups, women's
associations and civil administrators, initiate
peace efforts, governments and non-governmental
agencies must be ready to provide material and
personnel support to strengthen and facilitate the
3. Focus on Self-Reliance and Principles of Access and
The international donor community must lend further support
to the policy of strengthening local capacity that builds on
the social capital inherent within local cultures and
requires both freedom of access and open accountability.
* Conditioning all aid on respect for humanitarian
principles and focusing emergency aid on the
resettlement of displaced peoples and enhancement of
* Expanding cross-border aid and commerce routes from
neighboring countries, minimizing aid by air, and
pressing for a restoration and practice of the concept
of "corridors of tranquility".
* Focusing on non-food assistance that enhances local
food production and seed banks, builds internal
commerce, and trains local personnel for primary health
care, education, and animal health.
* Strengthening local organizations and institutions
that respect cultural and traditional patterns.
Traditional and civic structures, faith organizations,
women's associations and indigenous non-government
organizations build on traditional social capital and
methods of self-reliance that resist dependency
pressures in crisis settings.
* Resourcing independent monitoring, evaluation and
4. Generate Pressure for Peace, Justice and Human Rights:
Peacemaking, humanitarian relief and self-reliance
activities must be linked with strong multi-track pressure
on all parties toward ending the war a establishing a just
society. These pressures should include the following:
* Challenge the Government of Sudan, SPLM/A and
SSIM/A to live up to their rhetoric of democracy,
autonomy for non-military institutions, protection of
human rights, religious freedom, press freedom and
promotion of women's rights.
* Promote and support the deployment of an
international civilian human rights monitoring group
that can place monitors in both government and rebel
areas of suspected abuse. Enhance the capacity of the
UN Human Rights Rapporteur.
* Ensure the observance by all member countries of the
European Union's Arms Embargo of Sudan and work to
include an embargo of police, security and intelligence
equipment and cooperation. Support an international
debate and study on the wisdom of an energy embargo as
called for by numerous Sudanese opposition and civic
* Oppose all multilateral bank credits to Sudan.
* Find an international broadcast news mechanism that
will beam radio news on a weekly basis into all of
Sudan, giving news about the course of the war, the
cost of waging war, and peace initiatives. Objective
information puts pressure on leadership groups and
provides hope for all peoples in Sudan working for a
Coordinators, Coalition for Peace in the Horn of Africa
c/o 3700 13th St. NE
Washington, DC 20017
202-635-2757 x32 (phone)
ON BEHALF OF THE FOLLOWING:
Kathi Austin, Africa Project Director, Institute for Policy
Studies ** William Ayres, World Hunger Year ** Gerry Barr,
Steelworkers Humanity Fund ** David Beckmann, President,
Bread for the World ** Tsehai Berhane-Selassie, Fellow,
Institute for Advanced Studies, Princeton University ** Mark
B. Brown, Assistant Director for Advocacy, Lutheran Office
for Governmental Affairs, Evangelical Lutheran Church in
America ** Maura Browne, Executive Director, Africa Faith
and Justice Network ** Paula Butler, Division of World
Outreach, United Church of Canada ** Catholic Task Force on
Africa ** Congressional Hunger Center ** Imani Countess,
Executive Director, Washington Office on Africa ** John
DeHaan, Director, Christian Reformed World Relief Committee
- US ** John Donnelly, Deputy Executive Director, Catholic
Relief Services ** William C. Dyer, M.Afr., Justice and
Peace Officer, Missionaries of Africa ** Ray Elgersma,
Director, Christian Reformed World Relief Committee - Canada
** Hunter Farnham, Executive Director, The Baobab Group **
Dennis W. Frado, Director, Lutheran Office for World
Community, Evangelical Lutheran Church in America ** Roger
A. Gastineau, Executive Director, ACROSS ** Maureen Healy,
Africa Liaison, Society of St. Ursula ** Vicky
Armour-Heilman, Center Coordinating Team, Maryknoll Mission
Association of the Faithful ** Abbanik Hino, Adjunct
Professor, University of Michigan ** Rev. Dan C. Hoffman,
Area Secretary for Africa, The Joint Ministry in Africa,
Disciples of Christ/United Church of Christ ** Joan Holmes,
President, The Hunger Project ** James E. Hug, SJ, Executive
Director, Center of Concern ** Elenora Giddings Ivory,
Director, Presbyterian Washington Office ** Michael D.
Linden, SJ, Associate for Africa, US Jesuit Conference **
Suzanne Lunden, Program Officer for Sudan, Life and Peace
Institute ** Peter Mann, World Hunger Year ** Nuraddin
Mannan, President, Washington Chapter, Sudan Human Rights
Organization ** Maryknoll Fathers and Brothers ** Erich D.
Mathias, Program Associate for Africa, The Joint Ministry in
Africa, Disciples of Christ/United Church of Christ **
Timothy A. McElwee, Director, Church of the Brethren,
Washington Office ** New Sudan Council of Churches ** Eric
Olfert, Africa Department, Mennonite Central Committee **
Stephen G. Price, Director, Office of Justice, Peace and
Environmental Care, Society of African Missions ** Dr.
Richard Rodgers, President, Light and Hope for Sudan, UK **
Donald Rothchild, Professor of Political Science, University
of California - Davis ** Edward Welles, Washington
The Horn of Africa Policy Group in Canada and the European
Working Group on the Horn of Africa both have separate
sign-on lists of additional organizations supporting this
The Horn of Africa Policy Group (contact person:
Beatrice Hampson) can be reached c/o Canadian Council for
International Cooperation, 1 Nicholas St., Suite 300,
Ottawa, Ontario K1N 7B7, Canada. Phone: 613-241-7007; Fax:
613-241-5302; Email: email@example.com.
The European Working Group on the Horn of Africa
(contact person: Nils Carstensen) can be reached
c/o DanChurchAid, Norregade 13, DK-1165 Copenhagen K,
Denmark. Phone: 45-33-15-2800; Fax: 45-33-15-3860; email:
firstname.lastname@example.org or email@example.com.
This material is being reposted for wider distribution
by the Africa Policy Information Center (APIC). APIC's
primary objective is to widen the policy debate in the
United States around African issues and the U.S. role
in Africa, by concentrating on providing accessible
policy-relevant information and analysis usable by a
wide range of groups and individuals. APIC is
affiliated with the Washington Office on Africa (WOA),
a not-for-profit church, trade union and civil rights
group supported organization that works with Congress
on Africa-related legislation.