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Note: This document is from the archive of the Africa Policy E-Journal, published by the Africa Policy Information Center (APIC) from 1995 to 2001 and by Africa Action from 2001 to 2003. APIC was merged into Africa Action in 2001. Please note that many outdated links in this archived document may not work.

Sudan: International Campaign for Peace in Sudan
Any links to other sites in this file from 1995 are not clickable,
given the difficulty in maintaining up-to-date links in old files.
However, we hope they may still provide leads for your research.
Sudan: International Campaign for Peace in Sudan
Date Distributed (ymd): 950608

European Working Group on the Horn of Africa
Horn of Africa Policy Group - Canada
Coalition for Peace in the Horn of Africa - USA

After consultation with faith, business, labor, women's, and
political groups of Sudanese both within and outside Sudan...


1.  Endorsement of the IGADD Declaration of Principles.

We call on governments, human rights organizations,
non-government organizations, faith groups and other
independent agencies around the world to follow the lead of
the Heads of State of Kenya, Eritrea, Ethiopia and Uganda in
affirming the Declaration of Principles as the basis for a
negotiated settlement of the Sudan conflict.  We call on
the Government of Sudan to accept the Declaration of
Principles, which most of the major political groups in
Sudan  have done, as a starting point for serious negotiations.

2.  Support of  Multi-Track  Peace Diplomacy at the
National, Factional and Community levels.

We call for a fresh coordinated effort to encourage
peacemakers both within and outside Sudan to simultaneously
work in formal and informal ways to bring peace at all
levels of society.  Participants should be drawn from
governments, non-governmental organizations, faith groups
and indigenous communities.

     The war in Sudan is not only a "Southern Problem,"  but
     a national problem with major implications for regional
     security .  The IGADD initiative, whose members are now
     having to address regional security issues,  must be
     the arena for national mediation  between the
     Government of Sudan, the SPLM, the SSIM and other
     Sudanese groups who may be added to the process
     representing significant population groupings.  Friends
     of IGADD and friends of   Sudan, whether governmental
     or non-governmental, must    continue to be enlisted to
     lend support to the IGADD initiated regional peace
     process.  Efforts to undermine an African led regional
     process  must be resisted by all as a sabotaging of the
     peace process. We call for the appointment of a Special
     Representative of the Secretary General (SRSG) to
     support the IGADD process and to follow its lead in
     working for peace in Sudan and for regional security.
     We also call for an immediate unconditional cease-fire
     to be declared by all parties.  The Government of
     Sudan, its militia and Popular Defense Forces, the
     SPLM/A, SSIM/A, and all commanders must observe the
     Geneva Conventions and expect to be held accountable by
     international bodies for their actions.

     The SPLM/A and SSIM/A must fully implement their
     declared cease-fire, pursue a mutually agreeable
     mediation process and negotiate ways to live
     side-by-side in a manner that respects the human rights
     and needs of civilian populations and  indigenous
     cultures.  Where conflicts cross the lines of factional
     authority, we call on the factional leaders and local
     commanders to fully embrace and participate in
     community level indigenous peace processes involving
     elected southern politicians, faith groups, women's
     organizations and other civic groups.

     Indigenous peace efforts among Sudanese neighboring
     peoples offer the greatest hope for peace at a
     community level and help create an atmosphere and
     momentum for peace that can have significant effects on
     both  inter-factional and national efforts.  When
     indigenous peoples, acting through their chiefs,
     elected representatives, faith groups, women's
     associations and civil administrators, initiate
     peace efforts, governments and non-governmental
     agencies must be ready to provide material and
     personnel support to strengthen and facilitate the

3.  Focus on Self-Reliance and Principles of Access and

The international donor community must lend further support
to the policy of strengthening local capacity that builds on
the social capital inherent within local cultures and
requires both freedom of access and open accountability.
This includes:

     *  Conditioning all aid on respect for humanitarian
     principles and focusing emergency aid on the
     resettlement of displaced peoples and enhancement of
     *  Expanding cross-border aid and commerce routes from
     neighboring countries, minimizing aid by air, and
     pressing for a restoration and practice of the concept
     of "corridors of tranquility".
     *  Focusing on non-food assistance that enhances local
     food production and seed banks, builds internal
     commerce, and trains local personnel for primary health
     care, education, and animal health.
     *  Strengthening local organizations and institutions
     that respect cultural and traditional patterns.
     Traditional and civic structures, faith organizations,
     women's  associations and indigenous non-government
     organizations build on traditional social capital and
     methods of self-reliance that resist dependency
     pressures in crisis settings.
     *  Resourcing independent monitoring, evaluation and

4. Generate Pressure for Peace, Justice and Human Rights:

Peacemaking, humanitarian relief and self-reliance
activities must be linked with strong multi-track pressure
on all parties toward ending the war a establishing a just
society.  These pressures should include the following:

     * Challenge the Government of Sudan, SPLM/A and
     SSIM/A to live up to their rhetoric of democracy,
     autonomy for non-military institutions, protection of
     human rights, religious freedom, press freedom and
     promotion of women's rights.
     * Promote and support the deployment of an
     international civilian human rights monitoring group
     that can place monitors in both government and rebel
     areas of suspected abuse. Enhance the capacity of the
     UN Human Rights Rapporteur.
     * Ensure the observance by all member countries of the
     European Union's  Arms Embargo of Sudan and work to
     include an embargo of police, security and intelligence
     equipment and cooperation.  Support an international
     debate and study on the wisdom of an energy embargo as
     called for by numerous Sudanese opposition and civic
     * Oppose all multilateral bank credits to Sudan.
     * Find an international broadcast news mechanism that
     will beam radio news on a weekly basis into all of
     Sudan, giving news about the course of the war, the
     cost of waging war, and peace initiatives.  Objective
     information puts pressure on leadership groups and
     provides hope for all peoples in Sudan working for a
     peaceful future.


                        William Lowrey
                        Sharon Pauling
                       John Prendergast

    Coordinators, Coalition for Peace in the Horn of Africa
                     c/o 3700 13th St. NE
                     Washington, DC  20017
                   202-635-2757 x32 (phone)
                      202-832-9494 (fax)

                  ON BEHALF OF THE FOLLOWING:

Kathi Austin, Africa Project Director, Institute for Policy
Studies ** William Ayres, World Hunger Year ** Gerry Barr,
Steelworkers Humanity Fund ** David Beckmann, President,
Bread for the World ** Tsehai Berhane-Selassie, Fellow,
Institute for Advanced Studies, Princeton University ** Mark
B. Brown, Assistant Director for Advocacy, Lutheran Office
for Governmental Affairs, Evangelical Lutheran Church in
America ** Maura Browne, Executive Director, Africa Faith
and Justice Network ** Paula Butler, Division of World
Outreach, United Church of Canada ** Catholic Task Force on
Africa ** Congressional Hunger Center ** Imani Countess,
Executive Director, Washington Office on Africa ** John
DeHaan, Director, Christian Reformed World Relief Committee
- US ** John Donnelly, Deputy Executive Director, Catholic
Relief Services ** William C. Dyer, M.Afr., Justice and
Peace Officer, Missionaries of Africa ** Ray Elgersma,
Director, Christian Reformed World Relief Committee - Canada
** Hunter Farnham, Executive Director, The Baobab Group **
Dennis W. Frado, Director, Lutheran Office for World
Community, Evangelical Lutheran Church in America ** Roger
A. Gastineau, Executive Director, ACROSS ** Maureen Healy,
Africa Liaison, Society of St. Ursula ** Vicky
Armour-Heilman, Center Coordinating Team, Maryknoll Mission
Association of the Faithful ** Abbanik Hino, Adjunct
Professor, University of Michigan ** Rev. Dan C. Hoffman,
Area Secretary for Africa, The Joint Ministry in Africa,
Disciples of Christ/United Church of Christ ** Joan Holmes,
President, The Hunger Project ** James E. Hug, SJ, Executive
Director, Center of Concern ** Elenora Giddings Ivory,
Director, Presbyterian Washington Office ** Michael D.
Linden, SJ, Associate for Africa, US Jesuit Conference **
Suzanne Lunden, Program Officer for Sudan, Life and Peace
Institute ** Peter Mann, World Hunger Year ** Nuraddin
Mannan, President, Washington Chapter, Sudan Human Rights
Organization ** Maryknoll Fathers and Brothers ** Erich D.
Mathias, Program Associate for Africa, The Joint Ministry in
Africa, Disciples of Christ/United Church of Christ **
Timothy A. McElwee, Director, Church of the Brethren,
Washington Office ** New Sudan Council of Churches ** Eric
Olfert, Africa Department, Mennonite Central Committee **
Stephen G. Price, Director, Office of Justice, Peace and
Environmental Care, Society of African Missions ** Dr.
Richard Rodgers, President, Light and Hope for Sudan, UK **
Donald Rothchild, Professor of Political Science, University
of California - Davis ** Edward Welles, Washington
Representative, Manzanar

The Horn of Africa Policy Group in Canada and the European
Working Group on the Horn of Africa both have separate
sign-on lists of additional organizations supporting this

The Horn of Africa Policy Group (contact person:
Beatrice Hampson) can be reached c/o Canadian Council for
International Cooperation, 1 Nicholas St., Suite 300,
Ottawa, Ontario K1N 7B7, Canada.  Phone: 613-241-7007; Fax:
613-241-5302; Email:

The European Working Group on the Horn of Africa
(contact person: Nils Carstensen) can be reached
c/o DanChurchAid, Norregade 13, DK-1165 Copenhagen K,
Denmark. Phone: 45-33-15-2800; Fax: 45-33-15-3860; email: or

This material is being reposted for wider distribution
by the Africa Policy Information Center (APIC). APIC's
primary objective is to widen the policy debate in the
United States around African issues and the U.S. role
in Africa, by concentrating on providing accessible
policy-relevant information and analysis usable by a
wide range of groups and individuals.  APIC is
affiliated with the Washington Office on Africa (WOA),
a not-for-profit church, trade union and civil rights
group supported organization that works with Congress
on Africa-related legislation.


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