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This document is from the archive of the Africa Policy E-Journal, published
by the Africa Policy Information Center (APIC) from 1995 to 2001 and by Africa Action
from 2001 to 2003. APIC was merged into Africa Action in 2001. Please note that many outdated links in this archived
document may not work.
Sudan: Resource Guide (part 2)
Any links to other sites in this file from 1995 are not clickable,
given the difficulty in maintaining up-to-date links in old files.
However, we hope they may still provide leads for your research.
Sudan: Resource Guide (part 2)
Date Distributed (ymd): 950926
PERIODICALS AND ON-LINE SOURCES
Printed Magazines and Newsletters
Horn of Africa Bulletin. Life & Peace Institute, S-751 70
Uppsala, Sweden. Tel: (46-18) 16-95- 00; Fax: (46-18) 69-30-
59; Email: email@example.com. For hardcopy write for
subscription fees. An electronic edition is available through
the University of Pennsylvania web site (see below), in the
lpi.hab conference on the APC networks, and on the Hornet BBS
(251-1-514534) in Addis Ababa.
A comprehensive bimonthly summary of news and commentary
from a wide variety of sources. The Life & Peace
Institute maintains an ongoing program related
particularly to peace issues in the Horn of Africa.
Northeast African Studies. Michigan State University Press,
1405 S. Harrison Road, East Lansing, MI 48823-5202. Tel:
(517) 355-9543; Fax: (517) 432-2611; Email: firstname.lastname@example.org.
Three times a year. $30 a year for U.S. individuals; write
for other rates.
The major North American academic journal covering the
Horn of Africa.
Sudan Democratic Gazette, P.O. Box 2295, London W14 OND, UK.
Monthly. 11pp in English, 1p in Arabic. US $60 or BP30/year.
Edited and published in exile by Bona Malwal, a prominent
Southern Sudanese journalist, political leader and former
Cabinet minister. Includes both detailed news and
strongly expressed commentary on the political situation
and peace process.
Sudan Focus, Focus International, P.O. Box 3751, London N1
8TE, UK. Monthly. Write for subscription rates.
A monthly news publication, relatively sympathetic to the
current Sudanese government.
Sudan Human Rights Voice. Sudan Human Rights Organization
Sudan Newsletter. Scottish Churches' Sudan Group, c/o Marten,
4/6 Spylaw Road, Edinburgh EH10 5BH, Scotland, UK. Fax:
(44-131) 228-3158. Email: email@example.com. Monthly. BP10
in UK, BP15 overseas.
Monthly newsletter, including articles, news items and
announcements of events. Abridged email version
Sudan Update. BM Box "CPRS", London WC1N 3XX England Tel/Fax:
(44-01422) 845827. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org. Twice
"Recording news and comment on Sudanese affairs from all
quarters to promote dialogue and education." Edited by
Peter Verney. Individual subscription is BP 25 a year.
Write for other rates.
On-Line Information Sources
Note: The availability of on-line sources changes rapidly, and
many items are duplicated by different sources. For recent
information consult the reference list of Internet Resources
on the Horn of Africa compiled by Ben Parker
(email@example.com). If you have access to the Web,
visit the University of Pennsylvania African Studies Web site
(http://www.sas.upenn.edu/African_Studies/AS.html), and check
the Sudan country page. Within the Association for
Progressive Communications networks, check the africa.horn
conference and the lpi.hab conference.
NGO Networking Service Monthly Update. InterAfrica Group, P.O.
Box 1631, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Tel: (251-1) 514575, Fax:
(251-1) 517554, E-mail firstname.lastname@example.org.
Covers Sudan as well as other countries in the Horn.
Provides information on recent meetings, statements and
other news. The InterAfrica Group's mission is "to
advance humanitarian principles, peace and development in
the Horn of Africa through research, dialogue, public
education and advocacy." IAG also publishes, less
frequently, a print periodical called Humanitarian
Info-Soudan. Le Groupe D'Action Pour Le Soudan, 11 100,
Boulevard de l'Acadie, Montreal (Que) Canada H3M 2S8. Tel/fax:
(514) 331-9594 Email: email@example.com.
Irregularly published news and analysis, posted in the
africa.horn conference on Peacenet and other APC
networks. English version also available.
Sudan Infonet. Maintained by William Lowrey as a meeting on
Ecunet; also available to other internet addresses by request
A compilation of material, including church-related
sources as well as a selection of other information.
Sudan-L. Listserv maintained by Abdelmoneim Younis at Emory
Open forum for discussion and news. To subscribe send
the message "subscribe sudan-l" to
firstname.lastname@example.org. For information on two
other discussion lists send email to Sudan-Cush-
Request@helsinki.fi and email@example.com.
Sudan: News & Views. Editor: Dr. Yasin Miheisi. Email:
firstname.lastname@example.org. Fax: (44-181) 933-2870.
Every two weeks. "an independent (non-partisan,
non-governmental) electronic publication based in London
working to advocate peace, human rights and humanitarian
aid for the Sudan."
Sudan Newsletter. Scottish Churches' Sudan Group. Email:
This is a monthly compilation of news items,
approximately 3,000 words in length. Request an email
subscription by sending a message to
Sudan Update. Email: email@example.com. Twice monthly.
Abridged version of printed publication is posted to selected
bulletin boards. Available in response to email request.
As in the case of publications, this listing of non-
governmental organizations concerned with the Sudan is far
from comprehensive. There are dozens of organizations, in the
U.S. alone, involved in relief work or advocacy connected to
Sudan. Every effort was made to include a range of groups,
with particular emphasis on those located in the U.S. and
those most likely to have educational resources available on
an ongoing basis for a wider public. For the sake of space,
contact information on groups already given in other sections
above is not repeated here.
International Coalitions and Human Rights Organizations
Amnesty International. International Secretariat, 1 Easton
Street, London WC1X 8DJ UK. (Tel: 44-171-413-5500, Fax:
44-171-956-1157). Amnesty International USA, Publications
Department, 322 8th Ave., New York, NY 10001. Basic
information on Amnesty International is available by sending
a blank email message to firstname.lastname@example.org.
AI, in addition to focusing on cases of individual
prisoners and human rights abuses, conducts campaigns
focused on situations in particular countries. Sudan is
currently one of their major campaign issues. See
African Rights. 11 Marshalsea Road, London SE1 1EP, UK. Tel:
(44-171) 717-1224. Fax: (44-171) 717-1240. Contacts: Rakiya
Omaar, Alex de Waal.
African Rights distinguishes itself from other
international human rights groups by stressing that "Any
solution to Africa's problems must be sought primarily
among Africans. ... African Rights tries to give a voice
to Africans concerned with these pressing issues, and to
press for more accountability from the international
The organization's co-directors both have particular
expertise in the Horn of Africa. See publications above.
Coalition for Peace in the Horn of Africa, USA c/o Center of
Concern, Washington, D.C.
3700 13th Street, N.E., Washington, D.C., 20017, Tel: (202)
635-2757 x 32, Fax: (202) 832-9494, Email: email@example.com.
Contact: John Prendergast.
Horn of Africa Policy Group, c/o Canadian Council for
International Cooperation, 1 Nicholas St., Suite 300, Ottawa,
Ontario K1N 7B7, Canada. Tel: 613-241-7007; Fax:
613-241-5302; Email: firstname.lastname@example.org. Contact: Beatrice
European Working Group on the Horn of Africa, c/o
DanChurchAid, Norregade 13, DK-1165 Copenhagen K, Denmark.
Tel: 45-33-15-2800; Fax: 45-33-15-3860;
Email: email@example.com or firstname.lastname@example.org.
Contact: Nils Carstensen.
These three coalitions, based in the U.S., Canada, and
Europe, are currently linked in an International Campaign
for Peace in Sudan. Each coalition includes a large
number of relief, human rights, religious and other
Human Rights Watch/Africa, 1522 K Street, N.W. Washington, DC
20005. Tel: (202) 371-6592; Fax: (202) 371-0124 Email:
email@example.com. Contact: Janet Fleischman. 485 Fifth Ave.,
New York, NY 10017. Tel: (212) 972-8400; Fax: (212) 972-
0905); email: firstname.lastname@example.org.
HRW/Africa has consistently published detailed and well-
documented reports on the human rights situation in
Sudan. See publications above.
Sudanese Non-Governmental Organizations
New Sudan Council of Churches. P.O. Box 52802, Nairobi, Kenya.
Tel: (254-2) 446-966, Fax: (254-2) 44715: Email: nscc-
email@example.com. Contact: Dr. Haruun Runn, Executive Secretary.
A council of both Protestant and Catholic churches in
southern Sudan, engaged in relief and rehabilitation work
and grassroots peacemaking efforts. The chair is
Catholic Bishop Daniel Zindo.
Pax Sudani Network. P.O. Box 15118, Cleveland, OH 44115 or
P.O. Box 24233, Lansing, MI 48909. Contact: David Nailo M.
"A charitable organization committed to the rights and
liberties of African Sudanese people." Publishes Sudan
Newsletter, $12/year for individuals, $20/year for
Sudan Council of Churches. Inter-Church House, St. 35, New
Extension, POB 469, Khartoum, Sudan. Tel: (11) 42859.
The council of Protestant and Catholic churches operating
in government-controlled areas of Sudan.
Sudan Human Rights Organization. BH Box 8238, London WC1N 3XX
England, Tel: (044-171) 587-1586, Fax: (044-171) 587-1298.
Contact: Yassin Bakkar.
This London-based group publishes a monthly newsletter,
Sudan Human Rights Voice. An annual subscription is BP10
for individuals, BP20 for organizations.
Sudanese Study Center, Cairo. 35 Champollion, Flat 12, Cairo,
Egypt Tel: (20-2) 769878. Fax: (20-2) 3931492.
Engaged in research on culture diversity, nation building
and Islam in the Sudan and the Horn of Africa.
Other Organizations with an Ongoing Focus on Sudan
Association of Christian Resource Organizations Serving
Sudan(ACROSS). P.O. Box 21033, Nairobi, Kenya. Tel: (254-2)
723-680; Fax: (254-2) 726-509 ; Email: firstname.lastname@example.org.
Coalition of Protestant groups involved in relief,
rehabilitation and church partnership work in the
Brookings Institution, 1775 Massachusetts Avenue, NW,
Washington, DC 20036-2188. Tel: (202) 797-6000, Fax: (202)
797-6195. Contact: Francis Deng.
Brookings is the institutional base for Sudanese scholar
and diplomat Francis Deng.
Fund for Peace, Horn of Africa Program
823 United Nations Plaza, Suite 717, New York, NY, 10017.
Tel: (212) 661-5900, Fax: (212) 661-5904; Email:
email@example.com. Contact: Leah Leatherbee.
Provides technical and financial assistance to groups
working to protect and promote human rights.
Publications include the pamphlet by An-Na'im and Kok
(above) and Living on the Margin, a collection of
reports written by Sudanese human rights
activists. Write for a full publications list.
Africa Faith and Justice Network, P.O. Box 29378, Washington,
DC 20017. Tel: (202) 832-3412; Fax: (202) 832-9051); Email:
Maryknoll Society Justice and Peace Office, P.O. Box 29132,
Washington, D.C., 20017. Tel: (202) 832-1780; Fax: (202) 832-
5195; Email: firstname.lastname@example.org. Contact: Terence Miller.
Presbyterian Church (USA) Washington Office, 110 Maryland
Ave., NE, Washington, DC 20002. Tel: (202) 543-1126, Fax:
(202) 543-7755. Contact: William Lowrey, Sudan Desk
Associate, home office Tel/Fax: (703) 938-6279, Email:
Three of the many U.S. church-related groups with an
ongoing concern about the Sudan. For more church-related
information in particular see on-line information sources
Sudan Studies Association. Contact: Executive Director Malik
Balla, c/o African Studies Center, 100 Center for
International Studies, Michigan State University, East
Lansing, MI 48824-1035. Tel: (517) 353-6656. Fax: (517) 432-
2736. Email: email@example.com.
Association for academic study of the Sudan, founded in
1981. Publishes a newsletter, Sudan News, and organizes
annual meetings with wide variety of participants. The
1994 meeting was held in Boston in conjunction with the
Institute of African and Asian Studies, University of
Khartoum and the Sudan Sudies Association of the United
Kingdom, with the theme "The Sudan: History, Polity and
Identity in a Time of Crisis." The 1995 meeting was held
in Philadelphia, with the theme "Conflict and Conflict
Resolution in the Sudan." For availability of papers and
membership information please contact the Executive
U.S. Committee for Refugees, 1717 Massachusetts Ave., NW,
Suite 701, Washington, DC 20005. Tel: (202) 347-3507, Fax:
(202) 347-3418; Email: firstname.lastname@example.org. Contacts: Roger
Winter, Jeff Drumtra.
With an ongoing concern for the Sudan, the USCR is a good
source of current information. Several earlier published
reports were written by Millard Burr, author of the
comprehensive study cited above.
U.S. Institute of Peace, 1550 M St., NW, Suite 700,
Washington, DC 20005. Tel: (202) 457-1700, Fax: (202) 429-
6063, Email: email@example.com or firstname.lastname@example.org.
Contact: David Smock.
The U.S. Institute of Peace is an independent,
nonpartisan institution funded by the U.S. government to
"strengthen the nation's capacity to promote the peaceful
resolution of international conflict." It has sponsored
consultations and publications on the Sudan (see above).
Official Name Republic of Sudan.
Area. 967,500 sq. mi. (2,505,813 sq. km.), as large as the
United States east of the Mississippi river.
Population. 25.9 million (est. 1992), roughly the same as
Date of Independence. January 1, 1956.
Capital. Khartoum. With companion cities Omdurman and
Khartoum North, and surrounding resettlement areas, estimates
for the three towns go as high as five million people, up from
1.3 million reported in the 1983 census.
Other Major Cities. North: Port Sudan (est. 1990, 215,000) Wad
Medani (est. 1990, 155,000). South: Juba (est. 1990 over
150,000), Malakal (est. 1990 over 100,000), Wau (est. 1990
Geographical Features. The most prominent physical feature is
the Nile. The Blue Nile, coming from Ethiopia, contributes
most of the water; much of the White Nile flow is lost in the
swampy regions of the Sudd area. From Khartoum, where the two
meet, the Nile propoer flows north to Egypt. Away from the
Nile most of the territory consists of vast arid or semiarid
plains that rise gradually to the east, south, and west. The
soil is rich in agricultural potential, but the limiting
factor is water. Rainfall is higher towards the south, and
more reliably watered rangeland in the southwest provides
seasonal resources for cattle-herders further north.
Official Language. Arabic (spoken mostly in the North) is the
official language and dominant lingua franca. English, used
in education in the South and spoken among educated southern
Sudanese, has also been used in higher education in the North.
Other Major Languages. The number of languages spoken is
estimated at more than 100, but only a few are spoken by more
than small groups. Dinka is spoken by about 10% of Sudanese
(40% of the South); Beja by about 7%, and Nuer by about 3%.
Very many Sudanese are bilingual.
Major Subsistence Resources. Millet is the principal food
crop. Despite devastation of herds by drought and war,
cattle, sheep and goats are fundamental to the economy in much
of the country. For much of the urban population, remittances
from family members working outside the country are primary
sources of income.
Major Commercial Resources. Oil was discovered in southwestern
Sudan in the early 1980s, but production plans have so far
been blocked by war. Major export products include cotton,
sesame, gum arabic and livestock products.
Gross National Product. $10.1 billion (est. 1991), ranked 7th
in Africa, 3rd in sub-Saharan Africa.
Real Gross Domestic Product per Capita. $1,620 (1992), ranked
21st in Africa, 16th in sub-Saharan Africa, roughly 7% of the
Education Profile. Literacy (est. 1992, 28% of adult
population). The number of primary students was estimated at
fifty percent of those in the primary age group in 1990; for
the secondary level the enrollment ratio was estimated at 22%.
The University of Khartoum is the major university, with an
estimated 12,000 students in 1990.
Health Profile. Life expectancy in 1992 was estimated at
51.2, while the Under 5 Mortality Rate was 160 per thousand,
the average for sub-Saharan Africa. There was one doctor for
every 11,100 people. Large areas have no health services at
Religious Affiliations. An estimated 60 to 65% of Sudanese are
Muslim; estimates of the number of Christians range from 4% to
10% (mostly in the South). The remainder hold to traditional
beliefs. Muslim religious affiliation correlates with, but is
not identical to, linguistic or ethnic identification as
"Arab." Estimates of Sudanese who identify themselves as Arab
range widely, from 30% to over 50%.
Note: Given the difficulty of obtaining reliable statistics,
all the above figures should be taken as estimates. Sources
include publications cited in this guide as well as UNDP,
Human Development Report 1994 and 1995.
The typeset version of this resource guide, 8 pages including
map, is available at $2 each, $1.60 each for 20 or more. Add
15% for postage and handling. May be freely reproduced with
attribution to APIC.
This series of background papers is part of a program of
public education funded by the Carnegie Corporation of New
York, The Ford Foundation, and The John D. and Catherine T.
This material is being posted by the Africa Policy Information
Center (APIC). APIC's primary objective is to widen the policy
debate in the United States around African issues and the U.S.
role in Africa, by concentrating on providing accessible
policy-relevant information and analysis usable by a wide
range of groups and individuals. APIC is affiliated with the
Washington Office on Africa (WOA), a not-for-profit church,
trade union and civil rights group supported organization that
works with Congress on Africa-related legislation.